Celebrating over a decade of open source leadership promoting Community Over Code.
Brian Behlendorf started collecting patches to be applied to the last version of the NCSA http server. The Apache Group, consisting of 8 individuals, traded patches on a mailing list set up for the purpose. In April of 1995 the first public release of Apache (version 0.6.2) came out. Apache 1.0 released on December 1, 1995, and within a year surpassed NCSA as the most-used web server.
The ASF formally incorporates as a Delaware-based 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation from The Apache Group on 1 June. Original directors are: Brian Behlendorf (President), Ken Coar (VP Conferences), Roy T. Fielding (Chairman), Ben Hyde (VP Apache HTTP Server Project), Jim Jagielski (Secretary and EVP), Ben Laurie, Sameer Parekh, Randy Terbush (Treasurer), and Dirk-Willem van Gulik. New Apache Jakarta and XML Projects join the Apache HTTP Server Project. Board Committees on ASF Conferences, Licenses, and Security are formed. Discussions about ASF's role as an Open Source incubator address fostering new technologies such as Cocoon. The ASF receives numerous industry awards, including the ACM Software System Award, the Datamation Product of the Year, and LinuxWorld Editor's Award. ASF is listed in the Industry Standard's "100 Companies That Matter" and included in the ServerWatch Hall of Fame.
Perl-Apache Project, as well as Apache PHP, Apache/TCL Project, and Apache Portable Runtime Project are established. Apache Struts, Batik, FOP, and Ant undergo "incubation". The ASF draws record attendance at the second ApacheCon in Orlando (the first-ever conference was held in San Francisco in 1998), and launches its first European event in London later that year.
Apache Avalon, Commons, and Jetspeed/Portals undergo "incubation". Work begins on next version of the Apache License. The fourth ApacheCon is held in Santa Clara, where the ASF maxim of "Community Over Code" is widespread and collaborators meet in person for the very first time. The ASF receives the Internet Service Providers Association's Internet Industry Awards for "Best Software Supplier" Apache XML's Xalan-Java 1.2.2 is a finalist in the Best Java-XML Application category in the JavaWorld Editors' Choice Awards.
Participation in The ASF booms; its process for community and collaborative development becomes known as "the Apache Way". New Board is formed: Greg Stein elected Chairman, Dirk-Willem van Gulik as President, Randy Terbush as Treasurer (later replaced that year by Chuck Murko), and Jim Jagielski as Executive Vice President/Secretary. Apache Jakarta launches sub-project BSF; the Apache Incubator Project is born: new projects include Apache Ant, Avalon, DB, Forrest, HC, POI, and TCL. Apache HTTP Server and Portable Runtime Project Management Committees are reestablished. New Board Committees on Infrastructure as well as Fundraising are formed. The ASF participates in the Java Community Process. The fifth ApacheCon takes place in Las Vegas. The first community-driven Apache Cocoon GetTogether is held.
"Web 2.0" comes to the ASF; the Apache Web Services Project is formed. New projects in the Apache Incubator include Directory, Geronimo, Gump, James, Logging Services, Maven, Pluto, SpamAssassin, Tapestry, and XML Beans. Perl-Apache Project is renamed to the Apache Perl Project, and Cocoon becomes a Top Level Project. The sixth ApacheCon is held in Las Vegas, featuring an expo exchange with COMDEX. The Apache HTTP Server wins Best Server Software by Linux Format; Apache Ant wins Software Development Magazine Jolt Product Excellence and Productivity Award, the Java Pro Readers' Choice Award for Most Valuable Java Deployment Technology, as well as the JavaWorld Editors' Choice Award for "Most Useful Java Community-Developed Technology". JavaWorld also awards Apache Xerces-J Editors' Choice for "Best Java XML Tool". SpamAssassin wins the OSDir Editor's Choice Award. The Apache License v.1.2 is released; all products of the Foundation are required to be released under the new license.
ASF Board members are re-elected: Greg Stein as Chairman, Dirk-Willem van Gulik as President, Chuck Murko as Treasurer, and Jim Jagielski as Executive Vice President/Secretary. The stable Apache License v.2.0 is released, and the ASF Contributor License Agreement (CLA) is expanded to accommodate corporate donations. New Apache projects in the Incubator include Beehive, Excalibur, Forrest, Gump, Hivemind, iBatis, Lenya, myFaces, Portals, SpamAssassin, Struts, wsrp4J (Portals sub-project), Xalan, XMLBeans, and XML Graphics. The Apache Commons project is terminated, as well as the Project Management Committee for Avalon. A New Public Relations Committee is established, and The ASF issues a formal response regarding alleged JBoss IP infringement in Geronimo. The PHP project amicably separates from The ASF, granting all rights and responsibilities pertaining to its codebases to the PHP Group. ApacheCon returns to Las Vegas for its seventh conference. Apache Ant wins the Java Developer's Journal "Editors Choice Award".
The ASF continues to be the community of choice to spearhead new innovations through its Incubator. Numerous projects in development include activeMQ, Apollo, Bridges, Continuum, Derby, Directory, Felix, Harmony, Roller, stdcxx, Synapse, and Xerces; Apache Lucene graduates as a Top Level Project. ApacheCon returns to Europe with the eighth conference held in Stuttgart, Germany, followed by ApacheCon US in San Diego. Tomcat receives the SD Software Development Readers' Choice Awards for "Best Open Source Tool"; Software Development Magazine's JOLT! Awards recognize Apache Jakarta and Tomcat.
A new Board of Directors is elected: Greg Stein and Jim Jagielski are re-elected as Chairman and Executive Vice President/Secretary respectively; Sander Striker joins the Board as President, and Justin Erenkrantz is elected Treasurer. The Incubator matures, with new projects created to meet growing industry interest in Open Source solutions for enterprise resource planning and manage related business processes. Projects undergoing incubation are Abdera, Archiva, Cayenne, CXF, Hadoop, Harmony, HiveMind, Jackrabbit, MINA, ODE, OfBIZ, Open JPA, Open EJB, Qpid, Santuario, Shale, Tapestry, Tiles, and Velocity; Apache Cayenne, OFBiz, and Tiles graduate to become Top Level Projects later that year. The Apache Security Team is re-established, a new Testing project is established to oversee the creation of software related to the domain of software testing; in addition, and the ASF launches new Innovation Laboratories for the experimentation of new ideas without Project bylaws or community building requirements. The ASF hosts its tenth ApacheCon in Dublin, Ireland, followed by ApacheCon US in Austin, and launches ApacheCon Asia in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The Foundation establishes the Sponsorship program to help offset day-to-day operating expenses; donations are accepted by both individual and corporate contributors. SpamAssassin wins the Linux New Media Award, and Tapestry was awarded Sun's annual Duke's Choice Award for outstanding Java product innovation.
The breadth and capability of The ASF is reflected in the largest changeover its Board members since its incorporation: Jim Jagielski is elected Chairman, Justin Erenkrantz as President, J. Aaron Farr as Treasurer, and Sam Ruby as Executive Vice President/Secretary. New projects continue to germinate, including Buildr, Camel, C++ Standard Library, Pig, Quetzalcoatl, ServiceMix, Synapse, and Tiles entering the Incubator; Apache ActiveMQ, Commons (Jakarta), Felix, HttpComponents, ODE, OpenEJB, OpenJPA, POI, Quetzalcoatl, Roller, ServiceMix, Turbine, and Wicket graduate as Top Level Projects. The ASF establishes a Legal Affairs Committee to manage legal policies, as well as a Travel Assistance Committee to provide financial support to select individuals otherwise unable to attend ApacheCon. The twelfth ApacheCon is successfully held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, followed by ApacheCon US in Atlanta.
The ASF re-elects Jim Jagielski, Justin Erenkrantz, and Sam Ruby to the Board as Chairman, President, and Secretary respectively; Sander Striker is elected Executive Vice President, and J. Aaron Farr is Treasurer. HBase, Hive, and Zookeeper enter the Incubator; Apache Abdera, Archiva, Buildr, Continuum, CouchDB, CXF, Hadoop, Qpid, and Tuscany become Top Level Projects. The Apache Attic is established to retire ASF projects that have reached their end of life through a scalable process. Apache user gatherings continue to gain popularity, with events hosted by projects that include Cocoon, Derby, Forrest, Hadoop, Jakarta, OfBIZ, Pig, Wicket, among others. The fourteenth ApacheCon is held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, followed by ApacheCon US in New Orleans, where sixty members of the community participate in voluntourism efforts to help rebuild the City still suffering from the effects of Hurricane Katrina. ApacheCon US also marks the expansion of ASF-wide developer and user community events to include "unconferences" such as BarCamps, GetTogethers, Symposia, and the first ASF Meet Up in Beijing. Apache tops the Software Development Times 100 list of Industry Influencers for the third year running in the category of Application Servers, The ASF wins its third Member of the Year prize awarded by the Java Community Process Program Management Office, Apache SpamAssassin won the InfoWorld "Best Of Open Source Software" BOSSIE Award, Apache Directory Studio finishes as runner-up for the Eclipse Community Award's Best Open Source RCP Application, and barely six months under incubation, Sling wins the JAX Innovation Award.
The ASF announces Ten Years of Apache; celebrates a decade of innovation in Open Source software and community development. Nearly 300 ASF Members collaborate successfully with more than 2,000 Committers; 68 Top Level Projects, 35 initiatives in the Incubator, and 23 Labs concepts are currently active at the Foundation. ApacheCon Europe 2009 was held 23-27 March in Amsterdam, with the Hackathon (face-to-face Apache project-related collaboration/development with ASF Members and Committers) open to the public and including another BarCamp. 10th Anniversary celebrations continued at ApacheCon US 2009, in Oakland 2-6 November, where both the Governor of California and the Mayor of Oakland congratulated Apache on its success.
As a non-profit corporation built upon collaborative consensus, we strive to keep records open and to document what we do. Some other resources to find out about the history of the ASF include:
For any issues not addressed in the individual links above, you may contact us. All technical questions or questions about individual projects should always be directed to the appropriate project mailing list. You may also contact The ASF via hardcopy mail or fax as well.